The human body is probably the most complex and fascinating mechanism in the Universe. Every second, there are millions of reactions that maintain balance. However much research would be done to discover it, the truth is that there is always something to be learned about how it works.
One of the most important aspects when it comes to studying the human body is reproduction. While some women can get pregnant easily, for others this is quite difficult, if not impossible, causing frustration and anxiety.
One of the hormones responsible for such differences between representatives of the same sex is progesterone. If it is not present in the body to a satisfactory extent, women face infertility problems or have difficulty keeping a pregnancy.
Menstrual cycle and progesterone
On average, the menstrual cycle lasts 28 days in women. Hormones secreted by the pituitary gland in the brain stimulate the ovaries to secrete hormones such as estrogen and progesterone at different time intervals.
Progesterone is the hormone responsible for preparing the uterus and uterine mucosa for implantation. It plays a very important role in keeping the pregnancy and is secreted by the ovaries immediately after ovulation by a mass called corpus luteum.
This maintains the balanced level of the hormone until the placenta itself takes over the role of progesterone production. The hormone that stimulates the corpus luteum to produce progesterone is HCG, that is, the hormone that indicates a pregnancy when using pregnancy tests.
If insemination does not occur, the corpus lutem begins to disappear, and the progesterone level changes until the next menstruation. The importance of progesterone is easy to understand, especially since it is also called the "pregnancy hormone".
Signs and symptoms of progesterone deficiency
In addition to infertility or loss of pregnancy, low levels of progesterone may also be indicated by other symptoms, such as change in mood, depression, insomnia, appetite fluctuations, weight gain and loss, irritability, lack of concentration, anxiety, chronic fatigue, menstruation. frequency, irregular menstruation, low libido, migraines, polycystic ovary syndrome, lack of vaginal discharge, pain during intercourse.
Causes that cause progesterone to decrease
The decreased level of progesterone can be caused by many more or less known factors. Due to the complexity of the hormones, some women do not have difficulty getting pregnant, but for different reasons, their placenta does not create the normal level of hormones when needed, and the consequence may be even pregnancy loss.
Experts believe that stress, inadequate nutrition and lack of exercise can make a decisive contribution to lowering the level of progesterone, as can certain drugs that interfere with this hormone.
Remedies for rehabilitation of progesterone level
The diagnosis of low progesterone is made by a blood test that measures the level of the hormone according to ovulation and the evolution of the menstrual cycle. Progesterone is responsible for changing basal temperature after ovulation, so its measurement may also be an indication of low progesterone levels.
Doctors recommend in such cases ointments or vaginal suppositories as a progesterone supplement. They are usually given after ovulation to stimulate hormone production.
Sometimes, such treatments are given to women for 12 weeks, and sometimes the treatment may be indicated for use throughout the pregnancy.
In any case, it is very important to visit a cabinet specialized in such problems and never diagnose or administer an "ear treatment".
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