During breastfeeding an unwanted pregnancy may occur as a result of unprotected sexual contact. Ovulation can occur at any time, even if menstruation is not yet installed! Therefore, it is good to choose an effective contraceptive method, but also safe for your baby. Not all methods are allowed during this period because they can interfere with the milk and can affect the baby.
New mothers should give up the idea that breastfeeding itself is a natural contraceptive method and use contraceptive methods appropriate for this period. Here are the best and most used methods to protect yourself from a new pregnancy while breastfeeding!
Female / male condom
The condom is the classic method of protection against pregnancy which is also one of the most effective methods.
Since it is not based on the administration of substances in the body, it is not a danger to the mother's lactation or to the contamination of the milk offered to the baby.
You can opt for both male and female condoms, the effect being the same.
The diaphragm is part of the contraceptive intrauterine device category. It is one of the most recommended methods by doctors after birth for breastfeeding women.
It is a barrier method that requires clinical fixation. It can be mounted by the doctor 6 weeks after birth, for the most accurate sizing.
Sterilization is also a barrier method that needs clinical fixation and has the same role and functionality as the diaphragm. It is an efficient method that can be used by women after breastfeeding.
They can be used at any time after birth and do not affect the mother's lactation in any way. Although the method has a much lower efficacy rate than others, it also has the advantage of removing vaginal dryness during intercourse, specific to many breastfeeding women.
Hormonal oral contraceptives may also be given while the woman is breastfeeding, but only those using progesterone are used. The estrogen often used in the composition of regular oral contraceptives damages the baby's breastfeeding and development.
The mini-pill recommended for breastfeeding women contains only a small amount of gestagen. Its mode of administration is the same as in the usual contraceptive pills.
They are a hormonal contraceptive method, similar to oral contraceptive pills as a way of functioning. As a mode of administration they are injected every 2-3 months, during which time the woman is protected 98-99%. It does not affect breastfeeding in any way and can be injected 6 weeks after birth.
Norplant implant system is an extremely safe contraceptive method based on a very small amount of progesterone. The capsules used contain levonorgestren and are inserted subdermally into the area of the woman's arm or forearm through a minor surgical incision.
It is a highly efficient and highly practical method. It does not interfere in any way with the process of breastfeeding.
Vaginal rings with progesterone
There are both vaginal rings that contain an estrogen-progestogen combination or progesterone only. While the former are totally forbidden in breastfeeding because they have estrogen, those based solely on progesterone can be used after birth in breastfeeding women.
Vaginal rings are inserted into the vagina by women (no clinical fixation required). Those based on progesterone remain permanently in the vagina, without requiring change or removal every 3-4 weeks, as is the case with the combined formula ring.
Tubal ligation or vasectomy
These contraceptive methods require a long time of reflection of the parents before being put into practice. The couple needs to think well about whether or not they want to have children in the future before calling on them. They are methods of permanent sterilization.
Neither vasectomy nor tubal ligation in any way affects the mother's ability to breastfeed.
The natural method
This results in the absence of monthly menstruation and occurs naturally with the onset of breastfeeding. It is a natural method of protection against an unwanted pregnancy, but quite uncertain. It does not affect the mother's lactation, but it does not have greater efficacy only if it fulfills the following conditions:
if the mother exclusively breastfeeds in the first 6 months after birth (and day and night);
if she had no menstruation during breastfeeding.
You may also be interested in Birth Control Contraception.
Tags Breastfeeding and menstruation Breastfeeding and pregnancy Breastfeeding without contraception