Hepatitis A is the easiest form of viral infection of all existing types of hepatitis. In most cases of hepatitis A that occurred during pregnancy, the fetus is not affected. Although there is a vaccine that is recommended before pregnancy, this type of hepatitis can be controlled effectively so you can get the pregnancy to term without any problems.
How is hepatitis A transmitted in pregnancy?
Hepatitis A is an inflammation of the liver caused by the hepatic A virus and is one of the forms in which you recover quickly and definitively. It is the most common form of hepatitis, and the virus is contracted through direct contact with an infected person, through several forms:
- tableware and cutlery used in common;
- bodily fluids or touching feces (touching diapers, slippers or other such things);
- oral or anal sex;
- contaminated food and water.
What are the symptoms of hepatitis A?
The symptoms begin to appear only after 4 weeks after contracting the virus. These include:
- abdominal pain;
- abnormal chairs (infectious for 2 weeks);
- married liver.
How Does Hepatitis A Infection Affect Pregnancy?
In most cases there are no repercussions of infection with the liver virus on the fetus.
Hepatitis A testing is not a mandatory prenatal pregnancy test. Therefore, if you suspect that you have this type of hepatitis or have been exposed to a source of contamination, go to your doctor. It will do a blood test to determine if you have the virus or not in the body. However, you must wait long enough before testing because the virus is detected after a period of 2-5 weeks after contracting.
Hepatitis A can increase the risk of liver disease, even if most are born without any problem caused by infection with this liver virus. These include:
- various health problems in the fetus;
- premature rupture of membranes (premature birth);
- low birth weight;
How can you prevent hepatitis A in pregnancy?
The best way to keep hepatitis A away from you and your unborn baby is to take all existing prevention measures. This means that if you have not yet received the vaccine, talk to your doctor to get it when you are pregnant. The vaccine does not affect the fetus in any way and protects you for at least 12 months.
If you suspect that you may have been infected during pregnancy, but do not show any symptoms, your doctor will give you an injection of normal human immunoglobulin to give you temporary protection against the disease. Immunoglobulin is produced from human blood from donors and provides the antibodies needed to fight the disease. This injection can be done even with the hepatic vaccine.
These prophylactic measures not only contribute to the prophylaxis of hepatitis A, but also help reduce the severity of symptoms in the event of an illness. This helps you cope with the disease easier and lessens the risks you are exposed to.
Tags Pregnancy infections Pregnancy care